DACA supporter, Lauren Gonzales, protests that the Trump administrations conclusion of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.
Ronen Tivony | NurPhoto | Getty Images
President Donald Trump’s decision to terminate the favorite Obama-era immigration program that protects young migrants from deportation will be on the line Tuesday during oral arguments in a blockbuster event at the Supreme Court.
The justices will hear prolonged arguments regarding whether the government’s attempted termination of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals application was legal. The program, put in place seven years back, protects about 700,000 immigrants and enables them to get work permits.
Trump sought to terminate the application in 2017 but was blocked from doing this by lower courts in California, New York and Washington, D.C. Trump has contended that President Barack Obama lacked the legal authority to institute the program, but has shied away from criticizing DACA as poor policy.
More than 4 in 5 Americans support granting U.S. citizenship to DACA recipients, who are sometimes called “Dreamers,” based on a Gallup poll taken last year. Over 100 companies, including some of the country’s biggest and best known, have urged the high court to defend the program.
A decision is expected at the end of June, in the middle of this 2020 presidential election.
The situation is among the most significant disputes of a jam-packed term, affecting millions of Americans with ties to DACA recipients. It’s also the most recent evaluation of how a conservative Supreme Court with two Trump appointees will care for the president’s policies.
The court has shown some deference to the president’s immigration plan — it enabled him to use disputed funds for construction of the U.S.-Mexico boundary wall and accepted a version of his travel ban — but has also at times ruled against him. Justice Brett Kavanaugh substituted Justice Anthony Kennedy following the court’s travel ban judgment.
In June, the court blocked Trump’s attempts to put in a citizenship query to the 2020 census, which was opposed by civil rights activists who said the move would dilute the political representation of minority groups such as Hispanics.
The arguments come as Trump is trying to win over Hispanic voters in key states like Pennsylvania. The president’s support among the demographic has held relatively steady, around 25%, in the years since he had been elected. That was true despite his harsh rhetoric on immigration and controversial policies like separating families in the border.
Firms vie for DACA
The DACA case has attracted widespread attention, especially from the country’s business community.
More than 100 companies and business associations, such as Starbucks, IBM, Alphabet’s Google, Amazon and Verizon, filed a brief last month arguing that ending the program would hurt the economy and reduce job growth.
The companies wrote that terminating DACA could wipe $460.3 billion in the GDP within the next ten years and reduce tax revenue by $90 billion.
Apple CEO Tim Cook also submitted a friend-of-the-court brief defending the program, the first time he’s lent his name to such a record, according to the firm.
Brad Smith, president of Microsoft, a plaintiff in one of those cases before the court, wrote in a blog article published on Friday that its “fight is not just about our employees.”
“It’s also about the potential impact of DACA rescission on the hundreds of thousands of Dreamers, on businesses across the country, and on the innovation economy that is central to the nation’s prosperity,” Smith composed .
On the opposite side, 13 conservatives states led by Texas have asked the court to allow Trump to finish the program. The nations assert which DACA is unlawful and maintaining the program forces them to “provide social services like healthcare, education, and law enforcement to individuals whom Congress has declared unlawfully present.”
In June, they passed laws together with the votes of seven Republicans who would do so. But that bill is not likely to make headway in the GOP-held Senate. The White House said at the time that Trump would veto the bill if it reached him.
Last month Trump tweeted that if the Supreme Court allows him to terminate the program “Republicans and Democrats will have a DEAL to let them stay in our Country, in very short order.”
“It would actually benefit DACA, and be done the right way!” he composed.
The DACA instances are Department of Homeland Security v. Regents of the University of California, No. 18-587, Donald Trump v. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, No. 18-588 and Kevin McAleenan v. Martin Jonathan Batalla Vidal, No. 18-589.